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Personality disorder, personality traits, impulsive violence, and completed suicide in adolescents.

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  • 1Allegheny County Coroner's Office.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was designed to assess the association between personality disorders, personality traits, impulsive violence, and suicide.

METHOD:

Personality disorders and traits in 43 adolescent suicide victims and 43 community controls were assessed from the parents, using semistructured interviews and self-report forms.

RESULTS:

Probable or definite personality disorders were more common in suicide victims than in controls, particularly Cluster B (impulsive-dramatic) and C type (avoidant-dependent) disorders. Suicide victims also showed greater scores on lifetime aggression, even after controlling for differences in psychopathology between suicides and controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Personality disorders and the tendency to engage in impulsive violence are critical risk factors for completed suicide.

PMID:
7982858
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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