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Circ Shock. 1994 May;43(1):1-8.

Contribution of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and glucocorticoid in hydrazine sulfate-mediated protection against endotoxin lethality.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City.


Hydrazine sulfate pretreatment has previously been shown in our laboratory to protect normal mice against endotoxin and D-galactosamine-sensitized mice against both exogenous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and endotoxin. An intact pituitary is required for manifestation of the protective effects. Further, we have demonstrated that hydrazine sulfate pretreatment specifically modulates the TNF response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mouse macrophages in vitro. This in vivo study was performed to test whether a reduced TNF response and/or increased glucocorticoid response may contribute to hydrazine sulfate protection against LPS-induced lethality in vivo. The results presented here establish that hydrazine sulfate pretreatment selectively attenuates circulating TNF levels following LPS challenge. Moreover, adrenalectomy abrogates hydrazine sulfate protection but does not prevent hydrazine sulfate attenuation of circulating TNF levels in response to LPS. Hydrazine sulfate-mediated protection is, however, restored permissively by corticosterone. Thus, the mechanism by which hydrazine sulfate protects against LPS lethality in adrenalectomized mice includes TNF modulation in response to endotoxin, as well as a pivotal requirement for glucocorticoid.

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