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Clin Dysmorphol. 1994 Jul;3(3):192-9.

The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome without and with associated features: two separate entities?

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  • 1Department of Radiology, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands.

Abstract

A multidisciplinary study was conducted on a total of 100 women with congenital absence of vagina and uterus, the Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. It was possible to analyse whether the MRKH syndrome can be considered as a single clinical entity or whether two or more syndromes lie behind the title 'the MRKH syndrome'. Complete gynaecological and laparoscopic data were available on all of the patients. The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of the laparoscopic data: a typical and an atypical form of the MRKH syndrome. We performed various diagnostic investigations to establish whether there were any associated congenital anomalies. These tests included general physical examination, radiographs of the vertebral column, the upper extremities and intravenous urography (IVU), and general otorhinolaryngological and ossicular chain examinations. Associated anomalies were most common in the group with the atypical form of the MRKH syndrome. These findings suggest that there might be two different syndromes in this patient group, namely an isolated form of congenital agenesis of the vagina and uterus and a more generalized condition, in which agenesis of the vagina and uterus is a major and perhaps even obligatory characteristic. The term MRKH syndrome should no longer be used for the atypical group. A suggestion has been made to call this type the GRES [genital (G), renal (R), ear (E), skeletal (S)] syndrome.

PMID:
7981853
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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