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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Jul;3(7):1035-9.

Factor VIII gene inversions causing severe hemophilia A originate almost exclusively in male germ cells.

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  • 1Center for Medical Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287.


The factor VIII gene, which is defective in hemophilia A, is located in the last megabase of the long arm of the X chromosome. Inversions due to intrachromosomal homologous recombination between mispaired copies of gene A located within intron 22 of the gene and about 500 kb telomeric to it account for nearly half of all cases of severe hemophilia A. We hypothesized that pairing of Xq with its homolog inhibits the inversion process, and that, therefore, the event originates predominantly in male germ cells. In all 20 informative cases in which the inversion originated in a maternal grandparent, DNA polymorphism analysis determined that it occurred in the male germline. In addition, all but one of 50 mothers of sporadic cases due to an inversion were carriers. Thus, these data support the hypothesis and indicate that factor VIII gene inversions leading to severe hemophilia A occur almost exclusively in male germ cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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