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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1994 Jul;42(1):103-14.

Variation in expression of MHC class II antigens on horse lymphocytes determined by MHC haplotype.

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  • 1Equine Genetics Center, James A. Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.

Abstract

A panel of monoclonal antibodies was used to characterize the expression of equine Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II antigens on lymphocytes of horses of different MHC types. MHC class II antigen expression was compared between adult horses and foals, and the level of expression of MHC class II antigens on horse T cell subpopulations was also determined. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from young and adult healthy horses of different MHC haplotypes were labeled with the antibodies and assayed by single- and two-color immunofluorescence flow cytometry. A variation in the expression of equine MHC class II antigens on PBL was identified that was determined by MHC haplotype. Both young and old animals carrying the MHC class II haplotype D3 expressed lower levels of MHC class II antigens on their PBL than did horses of other MHC class II types. D3 heterozygotes had an intermediate level of expression. Neonates and foals of any MHC haplotype had lower levels of expression of MHC class II antigens than did adults. MHC class II antigens were identified on surface immunoglobulin positive (sIg+) B cells as well as on T cells, with the B cells staining brightest. Dual staining for MHC class II antigens and markers for equine T cell subsets demonstrated that both EqCD4+ and EqCD8+ T cells expressed MHC class II molecules. These results suggest that the relatively low levels of MHC class II antigen expression on foal and neonate lymphocytes may be developmentally regulated, and not determined by environmental factors. The cause of the low expression of MHC class II antigens linked to the MHC class II haplotype D3 is not known, but it appears to reflect a decreased expression by all lymphocyte subpopulations.

PMID:
7975179
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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