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Thromb Haemost. 1994 Jul;72(1):65-9.

Severe homozygous protein C deficiency: identification of a splice site missense mutation (184, Q-->H) in exon 7 of the protein C gene.

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  • 1Molecular Genetics Department, Hospital Duran i Reynals, Barcelona, Spain.


Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of exon 7 of the protein C gene has identified a novel splice site missense mutation (184, Q-->H), in a newborn child with purpura fulminans and undetectable protein C levels. The mutations, seen in the homozygous state in the child and in the heterozygous state in her mother, was characterized and found to be a G to C nucleotide substitution at the -1 position of the donor splice site of intron 7 of the protein C gene, which changes histidine 184 for glutamine (184, Q-->H). According to analysis of the normal and mutated sequences, this mutation should also abolish the function of the donor splice site of intron 7 of the protein C gene. Since such a mutation is compatible with the absence of gene product in plasma and since DNA sequencing of all protein C gene exons in this patient did not reveal any other mutation, we postulate that mutation 184, Q-->H results in the absence of protein C gene product in plasma, which could be the cause of the severe phenotype observed in this patient.

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