Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 1994 Nov 1;180(5):1609-17.

Altered glycosylation of leukosialin, CD43, in HIV-1-infected cells of the CEM line.

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire de Virologie, Faculté de Médecine, Hôpital de Cimiez, France.


CD43 (leukosialin, gpL115, sialophorin) is a major sialoglycoprotein widely expressed on hematopoietic cells that is defective in the congenital immunodeficiency Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. It is thought to play an important role in cell-cell interactions and to be a costimulatory molecule for T lymphocyte activation. Using a metabolic 35SO4(2-) radiolabeling assay or biotinylation of cell surface proteins, we describe here that CD43 are sulfated molecules the glycosylation of which is altered in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected leukemic T cells of the CEM line. Hyposialylation of O-glycans and changed substitution on N-acetylgalactosamine residues are observed. The glycosylation defect is associated with an impairment of CD43-mediated homotypic aggregation which can be restored by resialylation. The hyposialylation of CD43 on HIV-1+ cells may explain the high prevalence of autoantibodies directed against nonsialylated CD43 that have been detected in HIV-1-infected individuals. A defect in glycosylation of important molecules such as CD43 or, as we recently described, CD45 may explain alterations of T cell functions and viability in HIV-1-infected individuals. In addition, a possible implication of hyposialylation in the HIV-1-infected cells entrapment in lymph nodes could be envisioned.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk