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J Immunol. 1994 Nov 15;153(10):4458-67.

Diversity and dominance among TCR recognizing HLA-A2.1+ influenza matrix peptide in human MHC class I transgenic mice.

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  • 1Beirne Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908.


The TCR structures of CTL derived from HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice were analyzed to determine features important in the interaction of murine TCR with the HLA-A2.1 + influenza M1(57-68) peptide complex. V beta 8.1 was dominant in 9 of 11 murine CTL lines, although three other V beta segments were also represented. Sequencing of TCR cDNA from a group of six independently derived CTLs that were V beta 8.1-positive demonstrated a restricted set of D-N-J beta sequences and an apparently restricted set of alpha-chains. However, at least five other distinct alpha beta pairs were found among HLA-A2.1 + M1 peptide-specific CTL in the absence of these chains. Consideration of all TCR sequences obtained demonstrated diverse beta-chain CDR3 regions with some restriction in V alpha segment usage and bias in amino acid sequence of alpha-chain CDR3 regions. Nevertheless, the strongest correlation with HLA-A2.1 + M1 specificity was clearly V beta 8.1 usage. Comparison with previously identified human TCR sequences specific for the same Ag-MHC complex revealed that the dominant murine V alpha and V beta segments used were not the homologues of the dominant human V beta and V alpha segments used. These results together with the lack of interspecies conservation in the alpha- and beta-chain CDR3 regions demonstrate that the dominant TCR structures recognizing HLA-A2.1 + M1(57-68) are substantially different between mouse and humans. Different factors may influence Ag-driven selection of the dominant TCRs used in each species.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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