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J Clin Psychopharmacol. 1994 Aug;14(4):230-40.

Tricyclic antidepressant concentrations in plasma: an estimate of their sensitivity and specificity as a predictor of response.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52246.

Abstract

An analysis of the literature on tricyclic antidepressant level in blood using receiver operating characteristics curves as the primary statistical tool was performed. For nortriptyline, a significant curvilinear relationship between therapeutic response and nortriptyline was observed that ranged from 58 to 148 ng/ml. The sensitivity and specificity for the nortriptyline therapeutic window were 78 and 61%, respectively. The response rate within the therapeutic range was 66% versus 26% outside the therapeutic range. For desipramine, a significant linear relationship between therapeutic response and desipramine concentration in plasma was observed. The threshold concentration in plasma for therapeutic response was 116 ng/ml. The sensitivity and specificity for the desipramine threshold level in blood were 81 and 59%, respectively. The response rate above the threshold level was 51% versus 15% below the therapeutic threshold concentration. For imipramine, a significant curvilinear relationship between therapeutic response and total imipramine (imipramine+desipramine) concentration in plasma was observed between 175 and 350 ng/ml. The sensitivity and specificity for the total imipramine concentrations in plasma were 52 and 74%, respectively. The response rate within the therapeutic range was 67% versus 39% outside the therapeutic range. For amitriptyline, a significant curvilinear relationship between therapeutic response and total amitriptyline (amitriptyline+nortriptyline) concentration in plasma was observed between 93 and 140 ng/ml. The sensitivity and specificity for the total imipramine concentrations in plasma were 37 and 80%, respectively. The response rate within the therapeutic range was 50% versus 30% outside the therapeutic range.

PMID:
7962678
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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