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Hum Pathol. 1994 Nov;25(11):1213-27.

Insudative lesions--their pathogenesis and association with glomerular obsolescence in diabetes: a dynamic hypothesis based on single views of advancing human diabetic nephropathy.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555.


Kidneys from 74 consecutive, primarily non-insulin-dependent diabetics at autopsy and 59 age-, sex, and ethnic group-matched controls were examined qualitatively and semiquantitatively to determine the prevalence and severity of insudative lesions (ILs) and obsolescent glomeruli with (OGcFC) and without (OGsFC) insudative (fibrin cap) lesions. A subset of 25 cases with advanced diabetic changes was examined using serial sections, immunohistochemical stains, and electron microscopy to determine the pathogenesis of ILs and OGcFCs. Insudative lesions consisted of intramural accumulations (hereafter called deposits) of presumably imbibed plasma proteins and lipids within renal arterioles, glomerular capillaries, Bowman's capsule, and proximal convoluted tubules. Insudative lesions in Bowman's capsule are called capsular drop lesions (CDs), in glomerular capillaries they are called fibrin cap lesions (FC), and in afferent and efferent arterioles they are called hyalinized afferent (HA) and hyalinized efferent (HE) arterioles, respectively. All ILs were much more numerous and/or larger in diabetics than in controls. Contrary to previous opinion, CDs and HE arterioles were not specific for diabetes, being present in small numbers in nine (15%) controls. Controls with CD/HE arterioles had far more HA arterioles and focal mesangiolyses (FMs) than those without. Insudative lesions consisted of the well known homogenous eosinophilic deposits (homogenous eosinophilic ILs) and the less familiar foamy, reticulated, and vacuolar deposits (heterogenous lucent ILs). Homogenous eosinophilic ILs were predominant in afferent arterioles and more so in efferent arterioles, and were segregated into globules of varying density with the denser deposits located peripherally. Two types of CDs, which differed sharply in location and composition, were found. The first was mostly homogenous eosinophilic, usually without capsular adhesions and located near the vascular pole close to preglomerular arterioles. The second was mostly heterogenous lucent, located away from the vascular pole, and consistently connected by adhesions to the capillary tuft usually near FMs and/or Kimmelstiel-Wilson (KW) nodules. The latter ILs sometimes extended in continuity along the internal surface of the basement membrane from Bowman's capsule into the proximal convoluted tubule. It was hypothesized that ILs traveled centrifugally through the walls of preglomerular arterioles to form the first type of CD and longitudinally within the walls of afferent arterioles and glomerular capillaries and through adhesions to form the second. Contrary to previous opinion, FCs were consistently intramural. When numerous, FCs were associated with a form of glomerular obsolescence called OGcFC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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