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Biochemistry. 1994 Nov 1;33(43):12828-36.

Immunological and structural conservation of mammalian skeletal muscle glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked ADP-ribosyltransferases.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


NAD:arginine ADP-ribosyltransferases catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of arginine residues in proteins. Coding region nucleic acid and deduced amino acid sequences of a human skeletal muscle ADP-ribosyltransferase cDNA were, respectively, 80.8% and 81.3% identical to those of the rabbit skeletal muscle transferase. A human transferase-specific cDNA probe detected major mRNA of 1.2 kb (mouse and rat), 3.0 kb (rabbit), 3.8 kb (monkey), and 5.7 kb (human) upon Northern analysis. Polyclonal anti-rabbit ADP-ribosyltransferase antibodies reacted with 36,000 M(r) proteins in partially purified transferase preparations from bovine, dog, and rabbit heart muscle and a 40,000 M(r) protein from human skeletal muscle. The human muscle ADP-ribosyltransferase cDNA, like the previously cloned rabbit muscle transferase, predicts predominantly hydrophobic amino- and carboxy-terminal amino acid sequences, which is characteristic of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins. On immunoblots of partially purified rabbit and human skeletal muscle ADP-ribosyltransferases, anti-cross-reacting determinant antibodies detected at 36,000 and 40,000 M(r), respectively, phosphatidylinositol-specific, phospholipase C-sensitive, GPI-anchored proteins. These data are consistent with the conclusion that GPI-anchored skeletal and cardiac muscle ADP-ribosyltransferases are conserved across mammalian species.

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