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Biochem J. 1994 Oct 1;303 ( Pt 1):255-62.

Cloning and characterization of the human osteopontin gene and its promoter.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Oita Medical University, Japan.


We isolated the human osteopontin (hOP) gene and the 5' upstream region, and analysed its exon-intron structure and potential regulatory sequences of the promoter region in comparison with those of the mouse and porcine gene. The coding sequence is split into 7 exons which are similar to those of the mouse gene, although the hOP gene is longer than the mouse gene. The difference in length is mainly due to variations in intron 3, which is approximately 2.7-fold longer than that of the mouse OP gene. The 5' upstream region of the hOP, which is highly conserved up to nucleotide -250, contains a number of potential cis regulatory consensus sequences. A series of sequentially 5'-deleted chimeric clones was tested for the ability to stimulate chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT). Initial CAT analysis demonstrated that nucleotides at positions -474 to -270, -124 to -80, and -55 to -39 contained cis-acting enhancing sequences in a human monocyte cell line, SCC-3, although the -124 to -80 region was much more active than other regions. Deletion of the sequences between -474 and -270 localized this cis region to the sequence at positions -439 to -410, whereas the deletion between -124 to -80 localized the regions to -124 to -115, and -94 to -80. Gel-shift analysis using as probes synthesized double-stranded DNA corresponding to the 10 and 15 bp region at positions -124 to -115 and -94 to -80 respectively revealed that each probe formed a major band complexed with nuclear proteins prepared from SCC-3 cells.

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