Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Rheum Dis. 1994 Aug;53(8):525-8.

Measurement of shoulder related disability: results of a validation study.

Author information

  • 1ARC Epidemiology Research Unit, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.



To develop and validate a questionnaire to quantify disability associated with shoulder symptoms.


A set of questions relevant to shoulder symptoms from a general disability interview was developed and the questionnaire applied to a cross-sectional population survey and a prospective study of general practice attenders. Subjects included adults who reported current shoulder pain in a population survey and patients from three general practices who attended with shoulder symptoms during a six month period. The main outcome measures were: frequency of problems with daily living related to shoulder symptoms, total score on 22-item disability questionnaire, and measures of shoulder movement.


A higher proportion (80%) of patients attending their general practitioner with shoulder symptoms had five or more disabilities compared with subjects reporting shoulder pain in a community survey (34%). The ranked frequency with which each disability was reported was similar in the two groups, although sleep disturbance was the most common problem in consulters. Self-reported disability is correlated with measures of restricted shoulder movement.


This disability questionnaire was simple to complete and should prove useful for both general practice and population-based studies of shoulder pain.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk