Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Sep 27;91(20):9607-11.

Human apolipoprotein A-I gene expression increases high density lipoprotein and suppresses atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E-deficient mouse.

Author information

  • 1Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021.


Atherosclerosis is a complex disease with both genetic and environmental determinants. Apolipoprotein (Apo) E-deficient mice have been created that are highly susceptible to atherosclerosis. In order to assess the role of human apolipoprotein (hApo) A-I and high density lipoprotein (HDL) in atherosclerosis susceptibility, transgenic mice overexpressing the hApo A-I gene were crossed with Apo E-deficient mice. Apo E-/-, hApo A-I mice with two-fold elevation in HDL cholesterol have markedly diminished atherosclerosis with less fibroproliferative lesions by 8 months of age. A strong reciprocal relationship between HDL cholesterol levels and atherosclerosis was found with HDL levels accounting for 78% of the observed variance in mean lesion area. The effect of HDL on atherosclerosis resistance was independent of non-HDL cholesterol.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk