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Mol Cell Biol. 1994 Oct;14(10):6879-85.

A novel mammalian Ras GTPase-activating protein which has phospholipid-binding and Btk homology regions.

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  • 1Division of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan.


We have previously purified a novel GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Ras which is immunologically distinct from the known Ras GAPs, p120GAP and neurofibromin (M. Maekawa, S. Nakamura, and S. Hattori, J. Biol. Chem. 268:22948-22952, 1993). On the basis of the partial amino acid sequence, we have obtained a cDNA which encodes the novel Ras GAP. The predicted protein consists of 847 amino acids whose calculated molecular mass, 96,369 Da, is close to the apparent molecular mass of the novel Ras GAP, 100 kDa. The amino acid sequence shows a high degree of similarity to the entire sequence of the Drosophila melanogaster Gap1 gene. When the catalytic domain of the novel GAP was compared with that of Drosophila Gap1, p120GAP, and neurofibromin, the highest degree of similarity was again observed with Gap1. Thus, we designated this gene Gap1m, a mammalian counterpart of the Drosophila Gap1 gene. Expression of Gap1m was relatively high in brain, placenta, and kidney tissues, and it was expressed at low levels in other tissues. A recombinant protein consisting of glutathione-S-transferase and the GAP-related domain of Gap1m stimulated GTPase of normal Ras but not that of Ras having valine at the 12th residue. Expression of the same region in Saccharomyces cerevisiae suppressed the ira2- phenotype. In addition to the GAP catalytic domain, Gap1m has two domains with sequence closely related to those of the phospholipid-binding domain of synaptotagmin and a region with similarity to the unique domain of Btk tyrosine kinase. These results clearly show that Gap1m is a novel Ras GAP molecule of mammalian cells.

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