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J Biol Chem. 1994 Oct 28;269(43):26796-800.

Inhibition by heparin of the human blood coagulation intrinsic pathway factor X activator.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.

Abstract

The effect of heparin and other glycosaminoglycans on the activation of factor X by the phospholipid membrane-bound human factor IXa-factor VIIIa complex (intrinsic fXase) was studied. Standard heparin inhibited purified intrinsic fXase by 50% at approximately 0.08 unit/ml (0.4 microgram/ml), which is below the normal range of heparin concentrations achieved during antithrombotic therapy (0.2-0.7 unit/ml). Kinetic and binding experiments revealed that heparin behaves as a partial noncompetitive inhibitor. The inhibition constant of heparin with low affinity for antithrombin was indistinguishable from heparin with high affinity for antithrombin (Ki = 20 nM). Additionally, "low molecular weight" heparin, which also is used as an antithrombotic drug, was a potent inhibitor of intrinsic fXase (Ki = 60 nM). Dermatan sulfate inhibited intrinsic fXase much more weakly than standard heparin (IC50 = 80 micrograms/ml). The IC50 of the other mammalian glycosaminoglycans, chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate, and hyaluronic acid, were greater than 100 micrograms/ml. Purified prothrombinase and extrinsic fXase were not inhibited by heparin. We propose that part of the antithrombotic action of heparin and low molecular weight heparin is due to anti-thrombin-independent inhibition of intrinsic fXase and that heparin with low affinity for antithrombin may be useful as an antithrombotic agent.

PMID:
7929416
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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