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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1994 Jul;41(7):703-6.

Instrumentation for ENG and EMG recordings in FES systems.

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  • 1Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami School of Medicine, FL 33136.


An electronic circuit for analog processing of neural (electroneurogram or ENG) and muscular (electromyogram or EMG) signals in functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems is described in this paper. The basic circuit consists of a low-noise gated preamplifier, band-pass filter, amplifier, and a blanking circuit to minimize stimulation artifacts during electrical stimulation. This device was tested in chronic recordings using a triphasic cuff electrode for nerves and epimysial electrodes for muscles in the hind limbs of cats. The device was used for nerve recordings in the presence of electrical stimulation of muscles in the same leg. The recordings showed rejection of stimulation and muscle (M-wave) artifacts, while retaining the information of interest.

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