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Int J Clin Lab Res. 1994;24(2):102-5.

Comparison of four in vitro assays for specific IgE detection.

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  • 1Institute of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Verona, Italy.


Three immunoenzymatic techniques for specific IgE detection (Pharmacia CAP System, Kallestad Allercoat System, Neo Abellò Hamlet-IgE) and the classical Phadebas RAST were compared using 34 sera from patients with a clinical diagnosis of allergic disease and 19 sera from healthy non-atopic controls. IgE antibodies to 9 aeroallergens and 6 food antigens were assessed and 399 tests were run with each method. All techniques showed a high specificity (92%-100%) and satisfactory efficiency (82%-98%), while the sensitivity for RAST, CAP, Allercoat and Hamlet was 89%, 91%, 83% and 53%, respectively, with the lowest values for food allergens. There was a good overall correlation of the four techniques, except when the Hamlet method was compared with the other methods for food-specific IgE detection (correlation coefficient < 0.3). These data indicate that CAP, Allercoat and RAST are satisfactory techniques for specific IgE determination, either for inhalants or for food allergens; CAP, however, offers the highest sensitivity without loss of specificity.

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