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J Hematother. 1993 Winter;2(4):507-11.

High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell support for breast cancer: a review of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Beth Israel Hospital experience.

Author information

  • 1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract

The overall median survival of women with advanced or high-risk primary breast cancer has not changed with conventional chemotherapy. Regimens employing high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell support (ABMT) have been developed with the hope of optimizing tumor response and increasing survival. Early phase I studies in women with advanced refractory disease achieved high response rates of short duration. Second generation studies combined an induction phase followed by one high-dose intensification at time of maximum tumor response. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Beth Israel Hospitals have developed the high-dose intensification regimen of cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, and carboplatin (CTCb) for use in women with metastatic and high-risk stage IIIB/inflammatory breast cancer. To date, approximately 19% of women with metastatic disease remain progression free using this approach, with median length of follow-up approaching 40 months. Although the median duration of follow-up for the stage IIIB women is much shorter (approximately 12 months), greater than 90% of these women are thus far disease free. With the advent of hematologic support, such as blood stem cells and colony-stimulating factors, the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with this treatment have been substantially reduced, allowing for two or more cycles of high-dose intensification to be employed, to exploit the potential of dose-intensity to optimize response.

PMID:
7916250
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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