Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nature. 1994 Aug 18;370(6490):567-71.

A conserved retinoic acid response element required for early expression of the homeobox gene Hoxb-1.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Developmental Neurobiology, National Institute for Medical Research, London, UK.


Within the Hoxb homeobox gene complex, Hoxb-1 is the earliest member expressed in the mesoderm and neuroectoderm of primitive streak and presomite embryos, preceding rhombomere-restricted expression in the hindbrain. Ectopic exposure of embryos to retinoic acid alters spatial aspects of Hox gene expression patterns. However, the role of retinoids in regulating these genes during normal development is unclear. We have now identified two enhancers, 3' of the mouse Hoxb-1 gene, which together reconstruct the early endogenous expression pattern and mediate the early ectopic response to retinoic acid. Furthermore, these regions are functionally conserved in both chicken and pufferfish (Fugu rubripes) Hoxb-1 genes. The enhancer that controls the retinoic acid response, and regulates expression predominantly in neuroectoderm, contains a retinoic acid response element (RARE). Point mutations in the RARE abolish expression in neuroectoderm. Therefore, this RARE is not only involved in the ectopic response to retinoic acid, but is also essential for establishing aspects of the early Hoxb-1 expression pattern.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk