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Brain Res. 1994 Feb 28;638(1-2):302-10.

Nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine responses in differentiated PC12 cells.

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  • 1Department of Neurophysiology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.


Nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) responses were investigated in PC12 cells using the conventional whole-cell and nystatin perforated patch techniques. With the nystatin perforated patch, ACh induced three kinds of ionic currents: a rapid transient inward current, a subsequent transient outward current and a long-lasting slow inward current, whereas only a transient inward current was recorded by conventional whole-cell patch. The transient rapid inward current was mimicked by nicotine, but not by muscarine. On the contrary, the transient outward current and the long-lasting slow inward current were mimicked by muscarine but not by nicotine. Both nicotinic and muscarinic antagonists inhibited the transient inward current and the subsequent outward current in a concentration-dependent manner. The current-voltage relationship for the nicotine-induced transient current showed an inward rectification and the reversal potential was close to the Na+ equilibrium potential. The ACh-, muscarine-, CCh- and oxotremorine-M induced outward currents increased in a sigmoidal fashion with an increase in the concentration. Neither McN-A-343, an M1 agonist, nor oxotremorine, an M2 agonist, mimicked the muscarinic response. The reversal potential of the muscarinic response was close to the K+ equilibrium potential. The muscarinic response was not affected by pre-treatment with pertussis toxin but was enhanced by pre-treatment with Li+. In the cells perfused with Ca(2+)-free external solution, only the first application of ACh induced the muscarinic response. Calmodulin antagonists reversibly blocked the muscarinic response in a concentration-dependent manner.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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