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Eur J Biochem. 1994 Jan 15;219(1-2):297-306.

Cloning of human acetyl-CoA carboxylase cDNA.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1153.


Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids. In order to understand the mechanisms that regulate human acetyl-CoA carboxylase at the gene level, and the relationship between its structure and function, cDNA clones for human acetyl-CoA carboxylase have been isolated and sequenced. Human acetyl-CoA-carboxylase cDNA contains 7020 nucleotides encoding a protein of 2340 amino acids with a calculated relative molecular mass of 264575. The human enzyme shows approximately 85% identity in nucleotide sequence with previously cloned rat acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and shows 90% identity in the amino acid sequence. Two human acetyl-CoA-carboxylase mRNA species, which differ in the 5' untranslated region with the same coding sequence, have been identified. The sequence analysis reveals that type I and type II acetyl-CoA-carboxylase mRNA contain 313- and 173-base-long 5' untranslated regions, respectively. The first 240 nucleotides in the 5' untranslated region of type I acetyl-CoA-carboxylase mRNA replace the first 100 nucleotides of the (G + C)-rich region of the 5' untranslated region of the type II mRNA. These two species of mRNAs are the only species of human ACC mRNA which have been detected compared to at least five species in rat tissues, and they are expressed in a tissue-specific manner.

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