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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1993 Aug;42(2):131-5.

Intravesical formalin for hemorrhagic cystitis following irradiation of cancer of the cervix.

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  • 1Department of Genitourinary Surgery, Cancer Institute (WIA), Adyar, Madras, India.



To determine the effectiveness of intravesical formalin instillation in hemorrhagic cystitis following irradiation of cancer of the cervix.


Records were reviewed for 35 patients with hemorrhagic radiation cystitis who underwent treatment with 1% (n = 22), 2% (n = 10), and 4% formalin (n = 4), using Fair's technique.


Complete response was seen in 31 patients (89%) and partial response in 3 patients (8%) after a single instillation. Minor complications were seen in 19 patients (54%). Major complications occurred in 11 patients (31%), with 5 cases requiring subsequent urinary diversion. One patient died of persistent bleeding and probable formalin toxicity. Hematuria recurred in 7 patients achieving complete response at a mean period of 8 months after treatment. A 1% solution was as effective in controlling hematuria as higher concentrations and was associated with significantly less morbidity.


Intravesical instillation of 1% formalin is an effective treatment for intractable hematuria secondary to radiation cystitis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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