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Psychiatry. 1994 Nov;57(4):316-25.

The etiology of borderline personality disorder: a biopsychosocial approach.

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  • 1McGill University, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal QC, Canada.


This paper proposes a biopsychosocial model of borderline personality disorder. Empirical findings are reviewed concerning the biological, psychological, and social risk factors for this disorder. A predisposition-stress model involving the interaction of multiple risk factors is hypothesized to account for these findings. The model could help account for the development of this disorder and has important clinical implications.

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