Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Mar;80(3):729-34.

Increased bone mineral density after parathyroidectomy in primary hyperparathyroidism.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032.


Skeletal involvement in primary hyperparathyroidism is characterized by preferential loss of cortical bone, whereas cancellous bone is relatively spared. Little data are available concerning changes in bone density, particularly at sites containing more cancellous bone, after successful parathyroidectomy. Most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism are asymptomatic, but approximately 50% meet one or more criteria for surgery. In a prospective study of 34 patients who met one or more such criteria, bone density rose at all skeletal sites (lumbar spine, femoral neck, and the radius) in the 4 yr after surgery. The lumbar spine, with most cancellous bone, showed a rapid (mean +/- SE, yr 1, 8.2 +/- 2.0%; P < 0.005) and sustained (yr 4, 12.8 +/- 2.8%; P < 0.001) rise. Post-menopausal patients were similar (by yr 4, 12.5 +/- 2.7%; P < 0.005). At the femoral neck, with intermediate cancellous and cortical composition, a similar increase was noted (12.7 +/- 3.8% by yr 4; P < 0.01). The distal radius, containing mostly cortical bone, rose modestly (4.0 +/- 1.5% by yr 3; P < 0.05), except in patients with lowest preoperative bone density, where the increase was marked (12.3 +/- 2.6% by yr 3; P < 0.05). In patients meeting surgical guidelines, parathyroidectomy is associated with improved bone mineral density.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk