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Cancer Res. 1995 Apr 1;55(7):1413-6.

Transforming growth factor beta-induced activation of cyclin E-cdk2 kinase and down-regulation of p27Kip1 in C3H 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263.


Transforming growth factor (TGF-beta)-stimulated induction of DNA synthesis is preceded by the activation of cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)2 kinase in late G1 in C3H 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts. TGF-beta has no effect on the steady-state level of cdk4, while having only a modest inductive effect on cyclin D1 expression. TGF-beta stimulation does, however, lead to the striking down-regulation of p27Kip1 expression during G1 in a manner consistent with the timing of cyclin E-cdk2 activation. Coimmunoprecipitation analysis reveals that the amount of p27Kip1 in complexes with the cdk2 catalytic subunit is drastically reduced at the time in late G1 when cyclin E-cdk2 activity is maximal. These data indicate that cyclin E-cdk2 is inhibited by p27Kip1 in the growth-arrested state and that TGF-beta relieves this inhibition by down-regulating the steady-state level of the p27Kip1 inhibitor protein, thus reducing the level of inhibitor present in complexes with cdk2.

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