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J Biol Chem. 1995 Feb 24;270(8):3841-8.

Molecular cloning and characterization of bovine beta-mannosidase.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.


Deficiency of lysosomal beta-mannosidase activity results in a severe neurodegenerative disease in goats and cattle and a relatively milder phenotype in humans. A cDNA coding for the entire beta-mannosidase protein is described. Mixed oligonucleotides derived from bovine beta-mannosidase peptide sequences were used to screen a bovine thyroid cDNA library. Clones covering about 80% of the C-terminal region were recovered. The missing 5'-region was obtained using the technique of 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The composite cDNA contains 3852 nucleotides, encoding 879 amino acids. The N-terminal methionine is followed by 16 amino acids displaying the characteristics of a typical signal peptide sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence is colinear with all peptide sequences determined by protein microsequencing. Northern blot analysis demonstrates a single 4.2-kilobase transcript in various tissues from both normal and affected goats and calves. The mRNA level is decreased in tissues of affected beta-mannosidosis animals. The gene encoding beta-mannosidase is localized to human chromosome 4 as shown by Southern analysis of rodent/human somatic cell hybrids. This is the first report of cloning of lysosomal beta-mannosidase.

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