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Blood Press. 1994 Sep;3(5):328-35.

Depressed cheek cell sodium transport in human hypertension.

Author information

  • 1CSIRO Australia, Division of Human Nutrition, Glenthorne Laboratory, Australia.

Abstract

Na+ transport activity was measured in cheek cells from untreated hypertensive subjects and age-matched normotensive controls identified from a blood pressure screening program. Cheek cells were isolated by a simple mouth wash procedure and Na+ transport activity was measured as the proton-dependent uptake of 22Na+ using a rapid filtration assay. The rate of Na+ uptake was about 45% lower in hypertensive subjects and this difference persisted in a follow up study 2 years later involving those subjects who remained untreated for their hypertension. The proton independent Na+ uptake was also reduced by about 46% in the hypertensive group. The increase in the rate of cheek cell Na+ transport with increasing transcellular proton gradient values was also significantly lower in hypertensive subjects. The reduced cheek cell Na+ transport observed in hypertensive subjects may indicate decreased activity of the Na+/H+ antiporter and/or changes in the ion permeability properties of the cheek cell plasma membrane in the hypertensive state. This novel assay provides a biochemically based method for discriminating between normotensive and hypertensive subjects and makes use of tissue which can be obtained in a relatively non-invasive manner.

PMID:
7866598
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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