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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1994 Oct;9(4):325-32.

Soluble plasma antigen in experimental Salmonella typhimurium infection in mice.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock 79430.


To detect and characterize Salmonella antigen in blood, outbred CF-1 female mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with S. typhimurium LT-2 and blood was assayed by ELISA for Salmonella common structural antigen. Plasma antigen was detectable early in the course of infection and increased in quantity later in the course of illness when animals showed high grade bacteremia and high counts of splenic bacteria. Antigen was associated with a cell-free plasma fraction of blood, passed through filters with cut-offs of 0.2 mu and molecular mass of 1000 kDa, and was enhanced in detectability after heating to 100 degrees C for 15 min. Antigen was concentrated by diluting plasma 1:4 in 0.1 M EDTA, heating to 100 degrees C, and concentrating the supernate with an ultrafiltration membrane with a molecular mass cut-off of 15 kDa. By gel filtration, antigen was associated with a peak at about molecular mass 300 kDa in heated plasma and a peak at about 380 kDa in unheated plasma. These results indicate that murine typhoid infection results in circulating soluble plasma antigen, which is heat-stable with a molecular mass of approximately 300 kDa.

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