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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1994;47(2):203-6.

Cost evaluation of a new iv device in an Israeli hospital.

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  • 1Pharmacy Department, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel.


A new device for IV admixtures has been developed in Israel, the Vialink minibag. It consists of a partly filled minibag, attached by rubber tubing to a sterile receptable into which various types of vials containing drugs can be firmly inserted. Time and motion studies were conducted to determine the time and cost associated with the preparation, dispensing and administration of reconstituted parenteral antibiotics via CIVAS (within minibags or Vialink bags) and preparation by nurses in wards in minibags. CIVAS with minibags was least expensive, followed by Vialink minibags. Self preparation on the ward by nurses was found to be the most expensive system. Only 55% of all IV admixtures can be prepared by the Vialink system. As only one hospital in Israel has CIVAS, the study provides a solid justification for implementing pharmacy intravenous admixture services in all Israeli hospitals. The advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed. CIVAS (minibags and Vialink) permits the individualised preparation of sterile admixtures for each patient and provides advantages in terms of efficiency, economy and prevention of errors.

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