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J Am Coll Surg. 1995 Feb;180(2):177-83.

Immediate transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap reconstruction after mastectomy.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study examines the early and long-term outcomes of immediate transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) reconstruction of the breast after mastectomy.

STUDY DESIGN:

The records of all patients undergoing mastectomy and immediate TRAM breast reconstruction between December 1989 and October 1993 were reviewed retrospectively using hospital and breast care center databases.

RESULTS:

Fifty-three patients underwent a total of 73 immediate TRAM breast reconstructions. Reconstruction was successfully completed in all patients, using 46 pedicle flaps and 27 free tissue transfers. There were no flap losses or cardiopulmonary complications. Overall, the complication rate was 26 percent (29 percent for pedicle TRAM and 22 percent for free TRAM flaps). The median follow-up period among the 53 patients was 22.6 months (range of three to 48 months). All patients employed preoperatively resumed their occupations postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our experience indicates that immediate TRAM breast reconstruction is a safe and viable option for patients seeking reconstruction at the time of mastectomy.

PMID:
7850051
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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