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J Immunol. 1995 Feb 15;154(4):1684-90.

Costimulatory signals can selectively modulate cytokine production by subsets of CD4+ T cells.

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  • 1Department of Leukocyte Biology, Syntex Research, Palo Alto, CA 94303.


Analysis of experimental animal models and human clinical samples has indicated that the selective activation of CD4+ T cell subsets with distinct profiles of cytokine production plays an important role in the pathogenesis of human inflammatory and allergic diseases. The possibility that differential activation of costimulatory pathways is a mechanism for selectively modulating cytokine production by CD4+ T cells was tested. The proliferative response and cytokines secreted by a panel of human CD4+ T cell clones, representative of Th1 or Th2/0 cells, in response to activation of different costimulatory pathways was measured. CD28-mediated costimulatory signals induced proliferation and IFN-gamma secretion by Th1 cells. Although CD28-ligation induced Th2/0 cells to proliferate, it did not trigger IL-4 production. Ligation of LFA-1 and CD45 isoforms also generated costimulatory signals activating cytokine secretion by the different types of T cell clones. Th1 cells secreted the same profile of cytokines, irrespective of which costimulatory pathway was engaged. However, the cytokine secreted by a subset of Th2/0 cells varied, depending upon which costimulatory pathways were activated. These results suggest that the costimulatory pathways activated by APCs can selectively influence cytokine production by CD4+ T cell subsets.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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