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J Biol Chem. 1995 Jan 20;270(3):991-4.

Insulin stimulates the tyrosine dephosphorylation of pp125 focal adhesion kinase.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0673.


The phosphorylation state of pp125 focal adhesion kinase in response to insulin was examined in parental and transfected Rat-1 fibroblasts expressing both wild-type (HIRc cells) and mutant human insulin receptor cDNAs lacking the C-terminal twin tyrosine phosphorylation sites (YF2 cells) or a deletion mutant lacking the distal 43 amino acids of the beta-subunit (delta CT cells). In HIRc cells insulin stimulated the tyrosine dephosphorylation of pp125fak, whereas IGF-I did not. In contrast, the tyrosine phosphorylation state of pp125fak was unchanged in the parental Rat-1 fibroblasts and the YF2 or delta CT mutant cell lines in response to insulin. Analysis of the supernatants revealed that pp125fak was only one component of the major M(r), 120-130-kDa phosphotyrosine band seen in HIRc cells. We conclude that: 1) in contrast to other growth factors, insulin stimulates the dephosphorylation of pp125fak; 2) the presence of the insulin receptor C-terminal tyrosines 1328 and 1334 is required for the insulin-stimulated tyrosine dephosphorylation of pp125fak, suggesting a possible SH2 domain-dependent interaction; 3) insulin may modulate integrin-mediated signaling through pp125fak by altering the phosphorylation state of pp125fak.

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