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Biochemistry. 1995 Jan 10;34(1):148-54.

Comparison of Pf1 and Fd gene 5 proteins and their single-stranded DNA complexes by NMR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry.

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  • 1Biophysics Laboratories, School of Biological Science, University of Portsmouth, U.K.

Abstract

The Pf1 gene 5 protein forms a large helical nucleoprotein complex (Mr = 3.1 x 10(7)) with single-stranded viral DNA, from which a 32 amino acid sequence rich in alanine, proline, and glutamine residues can be removed from the C-terminus by limited proteolysis. Sharp resonances in the 1H NMR spectrum of the Pf1 nucleoprotein complex indicate that the C-terminal region of the protein subunits enjoys remarkable conformational flexibility in the complex. In contrast, the globular N-terminal domain of the protein subunits is rigidly held and does not contribute to the spectrum. The Fd gene 5 protein lacks this C-terminal flexible domain, and no distinct resonances can be observed in the 1H NMR spectrum when this protein is complexed to single-stranded viral DNA. Differential scanning calorimetry shows that the thermal stability of both the Pf1 and Fd gene 5 protein is increased by 8 degrees C in the complex with DNA, and the transition is highly cooperative. Removal of the C-terminal domain of the Pf1 gene 5 protein subunits has no appreciable effect either on the Tm of the DNA-protein complex or on the cooperative nature of the thermal transition. It is suggested that the C-terminal domain of the Pf1 gene 5 protein acts as a dynamic clamp which kinetically stabilizes the nucleoprotein complex.

PMID:
7819190
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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