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J Bone Miner Res. 1994 Sep;9(9):1433-40.

Urinary hydroxypyridinium crosslinks of collagen in population-based screening for overt vertebral osteoporosis: results of a pilot study.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Germany.


The urinary pyridinium crosslinks pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) have been shown to provide valid indices of bone resorption. At present, both crosslink components are determined by reversed-phase HPLC, a time-consuming method precluding the use of these markers for routine purposes. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop simple immunoassays for the rapid measurement of urinary crosslinks, and their application to large-scale osteoporosis screening has been proposed. To evaluate the applicability and diagnostic validity of pyridinium crosslink measurements for screening purposes, urinary concentrations of total and free PYD and DPD were determined by HPLC and immunoassay technique (ELISA) in a sample of 269 individuals (male to female ratio = 130:139; age 50-81 years) recruited at random within a population survey of vertebral osteoporosis. On a molar basis, ELISA measures of crosslink-related epitopes were highly correlated with both total and free PYD and DPD as determined by HPLC (r > 0.82, p < 0.001). Age-specific means for creatinine-corrected total and free pyridinium crosslinks were significantly higher in females than in males (p < 0.001). In both sexes, neither age nor anthropometric variables (weight, height, and body mass index) showed a linear effect on the urinary crosslink/creatinine ratio. On average, 50% of the total amount of urinary crosslinks were present in free form. For both PYD and DPD, this proportion was significantly higher in women than in men (p < 0.05), but no change was observed with age or anthropometric measures. The excretion of pyridinium crosslinks was higher in osteoporotic (n = 18) than in nonosteoporotic individuals (n = 208) from the same population.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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