Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Microbiol. 1994 Sep;13(5):833-42.

Threonine dehydratases of Corynebacterium glutamicum with altered allosteric control: their generation and biochemical and structural analysis.

Author information

  • 1Institut für Biotechnologie 1, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany.

Abstract

Threonine dehydratase is the key enzyme in L-isoleucine synthesis, since it is allosterically feedback-inhibited by L-isoleucine. With the aim of obtaining regulatorily altered mutants of the threonine dehydratase of Corynebacterium glutamicum, amino acids were specifically exchanged and a new biological system of mutant selection was developed, based on the intoxication of Escherichia coli by ketobutyrate, which is the dehydratase reaction product. A collection of 19 mutant enzymes was generated and genetically and biochemically characterized comprising a whole range of regulatorily and catalytically altered enzymes. Of particular interest is the mutant Val-323-Ala, which is characterized by the fact that the L-isoleucine inhibition is entirely abolished so that the enzyme is always present in a relaxed, high-activity state. Correspondingly, the Hill coefficient is 1.4, in contrast to the value of 3.4 characteristic of the wild-type enzyme. Another peculiar mutant generated is the double mutant His-278-Arg-Leu-351-Ser. Here, again, L-isoleucine no longer inhibits catalytic activity, but the effector still promotes major structural changes of the protein, as ascertained from the L-isoleucine-dependent loss of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate from this mutant enzyme. Further enzymes obtained are reduced in L-isoleucine inhibition to a varying degree. Detailed studies on the structure of the enzyme revealed a partially very high similarity of the secondary structure to the mechanistically identical beta-subunit of the tryptophan synthase. This provides further indications concerning the localization of the regulatory and catalytic domain of the threonine dehydratase.

PMID:
7815942
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk