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Plant Mol Biol. 1994 Nov;26(4):1125-38.

Characterisation of cDNA and genomic clones encoding homologues of the 65 kDa regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 2A in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Durham, UK.


Two cDNA species encoding sequences homologous to the 65 kDa regulatory subunit (PR 65) of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) have been isolated from an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library. These were designated pDF1 and pDF2. pDF1 is 1795 bp long and by comparison with the human and porcine PP2A regulatory subunit sequences represents a full-length clone. It encodes a predicted polypeptide of 587 amino acid residues. pDF2 is truncated at the 5' end by 237 bp. The complete nucleotide sequences have been determined for both cDNA species. Comparison of the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid sequences showed that the two sequences were homologous but not identical and therefore must be derived from two different genes. Northern blot analysis was performed on total RNA and poly(A)+ RNA isolated from seed at various stages of development and from young leaf material of Brassica napus L. (oilseed rape). Both cDNA probes hybridised to a single major mRNA species of ca. 2.2 kb. The highest level of expression was observed in the total RNA from developing rape seed at about 33 days after flowering, and the transcript level in the poly(A)+ RNA of the seed was higher than in young leaf of oilseed rape. Southern blot analysis was performed on two varieties of A. thaliana and B. napus genomic DNA; this identified a small family of genes in A. thaliana consisting of at least 2 or 3 members and a larger multigene family in B. napus of at least 5 or 6 members. Two independent genomic clones were isolated from an A. thaliana genomic library. Sequencing of a fragment common to both revealed that the sequence was identical in both clones and, therefore, they were assumed to contain the same genomic sequence. The genomic sequence selected, designated regA, is 3639 bp long and the coding sequence contains eleven introns. The gene encodes a predicted polypeptide of 590 amino acid residues. The sequence comparison with both cDNA sequences showed that it is homologous but not identical to the two, confirming that at least three different genes exist in A. thaliana which encode PR65 of PP2A.

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