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J Hosp Infect. 1994 Sep;28(1):57-61.

Antibiotic prophylaxis for urodynamic testing in patients with spinal cord injury: a preliminary study.

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  • 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.


This study was performed in order to: (i) determine the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with spinal cord injury after urodynamic testing; (ii) evaluate the role of antibiotic prophylaxis for such a procedure; and (iii) investigate whether pre-existing bacteriuria predisposes to the development of symptomatic UTI after urodynamic testing. Forty patients were prospectively randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive a 3-day oral course of either ciprofloxacin (18 patients) or placebo (22 patients), beginning 2 days prior to the urodynamic procedure. None of 18 (0%) patients who received ciprofloxacin developed symptomatic UTI within 5 days after the procedure compared with three of 22 (14%) subjects randomized to the placebo group; the protective efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis, however, did not attain statistical significance (P = 0.24). None of the three bacterial isolates that were responsible for symptomatic infection were grown in corresponding urine cultures prior to the procedure. These findings may serve as a pilot for a larger study.

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