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Growth Factors. 1994;10(4):289-97.

Differentiation of Y79 retinoblastoma cells with pigment epithelial-derived factor and interphotoreceptor matrix wash: effects on tumorigenicity.

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  • 1University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, N.Y. 14642.


We investigated the in vivo differentiation potential of Y79 human retinoblastoma cells following pre-treatment with two novel neurotrophic agents: PEDF (human recombinant pigmented-epithelial derived factor) or IPM (interphotoreceptor matrix) wash. These agents were able to induce a significant degree of morphological differentiation in vitro. However, 48 days after subretinal transplantation of pre-treated cells, massive tumor formation was apparent. In contrast, Y79 cells pre-treated with retinoic acid/sodium butyrate, which attain a lesser degree of morphological differentiation, did not produce tumors over a 30 to 60 day-survival time (del Cerro et al., Brain Research, 12-22, 1992). We conclude that for PEDF and IPM, the degree of in vitro differentiation and the degree of mitotic arrest are independent features.

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