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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Dec;171(6):1518-26; discussion 1526-8.

Long-term analysis of the surgical management of pelvic support defects.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York.



The aim of this study was to determine the success of various procedures to correct defects of pelvic support and to elucidate the role of sacrospinous ligament fixation in primary versus nonprimary vaginal operations.


This study was a retrospective analysis, covering 23 years, of 486 patients treated for pelvic support defects, grouped according to the location and severity of the defect, type of repair, and outcome.


For primary repairs the recurrences were more frequent the more severe the defect, but this relationship did not hold for repeat surgery. Sacrospinous ligament fixation, when performed concurrently with vaginal hysterectomy for patients with third-degree prolapse in primary cases reduced the rate of recurrence from 15.8% to 6.7%.


The original degree and type of pelvic support defect is important in selecting the appropriate operative procedure for the highest likelihood of cure. There may be a wider role for sacrospinous ligament fixation in primary operations for patients with severe defects.

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