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Res Virol. 1994 May-Aug;145(3-4):183-92.

In vitro analysis of HIV- and non-HIV-infected monocytes/macrophages from healthy subjects and patients with malignant tumours.

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  • 1Institut für Pathologie der Medizinischen Universität zu Lübeck, Germany.

Abstract

Phenotype and release of IL1 alpha, IL6 and TNF alpha were examined in monocytes derived from 14 healthy donors and 24 tumour patients in a long-term culture using immunohistochemical, RNA in situ hybridization and ELISA techniques. After stimulation with LPS and IFN-gamma, blood monocytes and resulting macrophages showed an overall decrease in cytokine release from the 6th to the 48th day of culture, both with and without HIV infection. HIV infection provided a strong stimulus for IL6 production and a weak stimulus for IL1 alpha production, whereas TNF alpha release decreased after HIV infection. Non-HIV-infected monocytes/macrophages from patients with malignancies showed significantly reduced cytokine production after stimulation, in comparison with monocytes/macrophages from healthy subjects. In vitro HIV infection of monocytes from tumour patients caused severe depression of cytokine production during the whole time of observation. In all experiments a parallel was observed between the extent of cytokine release and the presence of young/early inflammatory macrophages as identified by the antibody MAC387/27E10 in situ. In contrast, cytokine expression assessed semiquantitatively by immunohistochemical staining in situ showed discordant development, since it increased during long-term culture, while supernatant concentrations of cytokines declined. Simultaneously, significant cytokine RNA levels could be found in macrophages from the 6th to the 24th day of culture, as detected by in situ hybridization. After 48 days of culture, no more cytokine RNA was detectable, while macrophages continued to exhibit distinct immunohistochemical positivity for cytokine antibodies. From these results, it is concluded that macrophages kept in culture for a long period become inhibited in their secretion. HIV has an ambivalent effect on cytokine production in Mo/Mac, resulting in an increase in IL6 and IL1 as well as a decrease in TNF alpha production. Mo/Mac of non-HIV-infected tumour patients show significantly reduced cytokine production in comparison with Mo/Mac from healthy subjects. The sum of the HIV infection in vitro and the tumour burden results in a dramatic reduction in cytokine release in Mo/Mac. This finding may provide a possible explanation for the specific aggressive behaviour of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease in AIDS.

PMID:
7800944
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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