Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nucleic Acids Res. 1994 Nov 25;22(23):4937-42.

Properties of damage-dependent DNA incision by nucleotide excision repair in human cell-free extracts.

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire de Pharmacologie et Toxicologie Fondamentales du CNRS, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the primary mechanism for the removal of many lesions from DNA. This repair process can be broadly divided in two stages: first, incision at damaged sites and second, synthesis of new DNA to replace the oligonucleotide removed by excision. In order to dissect the repair mechanism, we have recently devised a method to analyze the incision reaction in vitro in the absence of repair synthesis (1). Damage-specific incisions take place in a repair reaction in which mammalian cell-free extracts are mixed with undamaged and damaged plasmids. Most of the incision events are accompanied by excision. Using this assay, we investigated here various parameters that specifically affect the level of damage-dependent incision activity by cell-free extracts in vitro. We have defined optimal conditions for the reaction and determined the kinetics of the incision with cell-free extracts from human cells. We present direct evidence that the incision step of NER is ATP-dependent. In addition, we observe that Mn2+ but no other divalent cation can substitute for Mg2+ in the incision reaction.

PMID:
7800483
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC523759
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk