Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurochem. 1995 Jan;64(1):101-8.

Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors prevents neuronal apoptosis in culture.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Pharmacology and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Italy.


Cultured granule cells grown in serum-containing medium with a "low K+" concentration (10 mM) underwent apoptosis after maturation for 5 days in vitro (5 DIV), a time that coincides with the developmental decline in the activity of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) coupled to polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis. The mGluR agonist (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) prevented the development of low K(+)-induced apoptosis and the presence of the drug was critical at 6 and 7 DIV, i.e., after the drop of mGluR activity. The neuroprotective action of 1S,3R-ACPD was prevented by the mGluR antagonist (RS)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG) and was mimicked by N-methyl-D-aspartate or carbamylcholine but not by agonists of the mGluR subtypes negatively linked to adenylyl cyclase. In cultures treated either with Li(+)-which reduced polyphosphoinositide response to concentrations of glutamate (5 microM) that approximate those physiologically present in the incubation medium--or MCPG, the development of low K(+)-induced apoptosis already occurred at 4 DIV. Thus, the activation of mGluRs coupled to polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis by endogenous glutamate could contribute to protect cultured granule cells against apoptosis during early stages of maturation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk