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Cancer Res. 1995 Jul 1;55(13):2737-42.

Mch2, a new member of the apoptotic Ced-3/Ice cysteine protease gene family.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.

Abstract

We have developed a PCR approach to clone new apoptotic Ced-3/Ice-like cysteine protease genes. This approach uses degenerate oligonucleotides encoding the highly conserved pentapeptides QACRG and GSWFI that are present in all known apoptotic cysteine proteases. Using this approach, we have cloned a novel apoptotic gene from human Jurkat T lymphocytes. The new gene encodes a approximately 34-kilodalton protein that is highly homologous to human CPP32, Caenorhabditis elegans cell death protein CED-3, mammalian Ich-1 (Nedd2), and mammalian interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme. Because of its high homology to the C. elegans Ced-3 gene, we named the new gene mammalian Ced-3 homologue Mch2. Two Mch2 transcripts (Mch2 alpha, 1.7 kb; Mch2 beta, 1.4 kb) were detected in Jurkat T lymphocytes and other cell lines. We believe that the Mch2 alpha transcript encodes the full-length Mch2, whereas the Mch2 beta transcript encodes a shorter Mch2 isoform, probably as a result of alternative splicing. Like interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme and CPP32, recombinant Mch2 alpha, but not Mch2 beta, possesses protease activity, as determined by its ability to cleave the fluorogenic peptide DEVD-AMC. CPP32 and Mch2 alpha can also cleave poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in vitro, suggesting that these enzymes participate in poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage observed during cellular apoptosis. In addition, overexpression of recombinant Mch2 alpha, but not Mch2 beta, induces apoptosis in Sf9 insect cells. Our data suggest that Mch2 is a Ced-3/interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme-like cysteine protease and could be another important mediator of apoptosis in mammalian cells.

PMID:
7796396
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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