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J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1995 Mar 10;665(1):147-54.

Determination of metyrapone and the enantiomers of its chiral metabolite metyrapol in human plasma and urine using coupled achiral-chiral liquid chromatography.

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  • 1Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, Que, Canada.

Abstract

A coupled achiral-chiral liquid chromatographic assay has been developed to determine the concentrations of metyrapone and the enantiomers of its chiral metabolite metyrapol in plasma and urine. The chromatographic system consisted of a silica precolumn (75 x 4.6 mm I.D.) coupled in-line to a 250 x 4.6 mm I.D. column containing cellulose tris(4-methylbenzoate) coated on silica gel (Chiralcel OJ-CSP). When plasma samples were analyzed, the mobile phase was hexane-ethanol (92:8, v/v) modified with 0.1% diethylamine and when urine samples were analyzed the mobile phase was hexane-ethanol (94:6, v/v) modified with 0.2% diethylamine. Under these chromatographic conditions the chromatographic retentions [expressed as capacity factors (k')] for metyrapone were k' = 2.35 (plasma) and 2.52 (urine); for (-)-metyrapol k' = 4.22 (plasma) and 4.62 (urine); for (+)-metyrapone k' = 5.16 (plasma) and 5.86 (urine); enantioselectivities (alpha) were 1.09 (plasma) and 1.13 (urine). The assay has been validated for use in metabolic studies. The analyses of plasma and urine samples from one subject following oral administration of 750 mg of metyrapone indicated that the enzymatic reduction of myterapone by aldo-keto reductase was enantiospecific.

PMID:
7795785
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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