Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biometrics. 1994 Dec;50(4):945-53.

An application of maximum likelihood and generalized estimating equations to the analysis of ordinal data from a longitudinal study with cases missing at random.

Author information

  • 1Statistics Department, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts, United Kingdom.


Data are analysed from a longitudinal psychiatric study in which there are no dropouts that do not occur completely at random. A marginal proportional odds model is fitted that relates the response (severity of side effects) to various covariates. Two methods of estimation are used: generalized estimating equations (GEE) and maximum likelihood (ML). Both the complete set of data and the data from only those subjects completing the study are analysed. For the completers-only data, the GEE and ML analyses produce very similar results. These results differ considerably from those obtained from the analyses of the full data set. There are also marked differences between the results obtained from the GEE and ML analysis of the full data set. The occurrence of such differences is consistent with the presence of a non-completely-random dropout process and it can be concluded in this example that both the analyses of the completers only and the GEE analysis of the full data set produce misleading conclusions about the relationships between the response and covariates.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk