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Cancer Res. 1995 Jun 15;55(12):2500-2.

p21CIP1 is not required for the early G2 checkpoint response to ionizing radiation.

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  • 1National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


We have previously reported that the immediate G2 checkpoint delay of normal human fibroblasts in response to ionizing radiation is correlated with inhibition of p34CDC2/cyclin B kinase activity. Here, we observed increased amounts of the cyclin-dependent protein kinase inhibitor p21CIP1 associated with p34CDC2/cyclin B protein complexes from irradiated normal human fibroblasts. Since wild-type p53 function is not required for the early G2 checkpoint response to ionizing radiation, we investigated whether a p53-independent induction of p21CIP1 was required for the G2 checkpoint. Early passage human fibroblasts expressing the E6 oncoprotein of human papilloma virus-type 16 (NHF4 E6) were analyzed. It has been demonstrated earlier than inactivation of wild-type p53 function in these cells by E6 protein does not alter their intact early G2 checkpoint response to gamma-rays. p21CIP1 was found to be undetectable in p34CDC2/cyclin B protein complexes and in total extracts from the E6-expressing cells, with or without exposure to ionizing radiation. These data indicate that p21CIP1 is not required for the immediate G2 checkpoint response and is not induced by a p53-independent pathway in G2 phase following exposure to gamma-rays.

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