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S Afr Med J. 1995 Mar;85(3):150-3.

The impact of the Perinatal Education Programme on cognitive knowledge in midwives.

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  • 1Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the Maternal Care and Newborn Care manuals from the Perinatal Education Programme significantly improves the cognitive knowledge of midwives.

DESIGN:

Assessment of cognitive knowledge by means of multiple-choice testing. These tests were conducted before and after each of the 30 units of the Programme. In addition, a multiple-choice examination was arranged on completion of each of the two manuals.

SETTING:

Level I, II and III hospitals and level I clinics in urban and rural areas of South Africa.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred and fourteen midwives from hospitals and clinics.

INTERVENTION:

Maternal and Newborn Care manuals of the Perinatal Education Programme, studied at home and later discussed by the participants in groups every few weeks.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED:

Number of participants who completed a manual, mean results of the pretests and post-tests, mean results of the final examination, and percentage of participants achieving 80% or more in the pretests, post-tests and final examination.

RESULTS:

Mean pretest and post-test results for the Maternal Care manual were 65% and 85% respectively. Mean pretest and post-test results for the Newborn Care manual were 72% and 93% respectively. The mean result for the final examination for the Maternal Care manual was 90%, while the mean result for the Newborn Care manual was 95%. There was a significant improvement in cognitive knowledge when either manual was used.

CONCLUSION:

The cognitive knowledge of both maternal and newborn care can be significantly improved when midwives use the Perinatal Education Programme in an outreach, co-operative learning course.

PMID:
7777961
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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