Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Crit Care Med. 1995 Jun;23(6):1048-54.

Triage considerations for patients with acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage admitted to a medical intensive care unit.

Author information

  • 1Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.



To determine whether previously identified clinical criteria, available at the time of triage, can predict clinical outcomes for patients with acute gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.


An inception cohort study.


Barnes Hospital, an academic tertiary care center.


One hundred eight consecutive hospital admissions (103 patients) triaged to intensive care for GI hemorrhage.


Prospective patient surveillance, data collection, and risk stratification using preselected clinical criteria and outcomes assessment.


Using clinical data available at the time of triage, 28 (25.9%) intensive care unit admissions were classified as low risk for having poor outcomes. There was no difference in the distribution of upper and lower GI tract sources of hemorrhage for the two risk groups (p = .310). Stigmata of recent hemorrhage were endoscopically identified for six (21.4%) of the low-risk patient admissions and for 16 (20.0%) of the high-risk patient admissions (p = .872). Patient admissions identified as low risk had significantly lower rates of recurrent GI hemorrhage (3.6% vs. 22.5%; p = .022), less acquired organ system derangements (1.0 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.5 +/- 1.0 organs; p < .001), shorter lengths of hospitalization (4.9 +/- 3.5 vs. 8.8 +/- 7.4 days; p < .001), required transfusion with fewer units of packed red blood cells (1.3 +/- 1.2 vs. 6.2 +/- 4.7 units; p < .001), and had a lower overall hospital mortality rate (0.0% vs. 21.3%; p = .008) compared with patient admissions identified as being high risk.


These data suggest that objective clinical criteria, available at the time of triage determination, can be utilized to identify a low-risk group of patients with acute GI hemorrhage, having favorable outcomes and potentially no need for intensive care unit services.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk