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Am J Physiol. 1995 May;268(5 Pt 2):H2084-91.

Endothelin-1 and its binding sites are upregulated in pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to determine whether endothelin and endothelin receptors play an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy due to pressure overload in vivo. Cardiac hypertrophy was produced by placing a constricting clip around the suprarenal abdominal aorta of rats. Hemodynamic parameters and plasma and ventricular concentrations of endothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured in control unoperated rats, and 30 min, 2 and 6 h, and 1 and 8 days after operation in pressure overload rats and sham-operated rats. The density and dissociation constant of ET-1 binding sites were also measured in control rats and 1 and 8 days after pressure overload and sham operation. Additionally, in situ mRNA hybridization for preproendothelin-1 (preproET-1) mRNA was performed to determine which cells were responsible for increased ET-1 levels. Ventricular ET-1 levels increased markedly on day 8 of pressure overload, whereas plasma ET-1 levels increased transiently only 30 min after operation, quickly returning to control level. In addition, ventricular ET-1 levels on day 8 showed a significant positive correlation with the degree of cardiac hypertrophy. In situ mRNA hybridization revealed that cardiac myocytes expressed preproET-1 mRNA in hypertrophied hearts in vivo. In accord with the elevation of ventricular ET-1 levels, the density of ET-1 binding sites was increased significantly, without affecting their binding affinity, on day 8 of pressure overload. These data are compatible with the hypothesis that increases in locally produced ET-1 and the density of ET-1 binding sites have an important relationship with the development of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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